For one man is not different from another before God.
Evangelista Anita Fuentes
July 15, 2013 – COSTA RICA – A significant earthquake swarm has started late on 13 July at the volcano and is continuing. This could indicate a rise of magma in progress and could eventually lead to new eruptions in the near future. The stratovolcano is 3,340 m (10,958 ft) high and is about 45 minutes from the Atlantic slope town of Turrialba. The summit has three craters, one of which has fumaroles and sulfur pits. The largest of the craters has a diameter of 164 feet (50 m). Turrialba is adjacent to the Irazú volcano and both are among Costa Rica’s largest volcanoes. It had at least five large explosive eruptions in last 3500 years. The Turrialba volcano last erupted in 2011. –Volcano Discovery , Wikp
July 15, 2013 – MOSCOW – The general director of one of Russia’s largest shipbuilders, Aleksandr Voznesensky, has announced to reporters that a floating nuclear power plant is currently under construction at one of Russia’s ship yards. He added that it will likely be ready for use by 2016. The Russians are calling it a “floating power” station, abbreviated to PEB. The vessel has been given the name Akademik Lomonosov. Several countries, including the United States and China have considered building floating nuclear power plants but until now, no other known vessels have reached the construction phase. The advantages of a floating nuclear power station are obvious—electrical power could be brought to areas that are not currently being served by other means. Russia in particular has many far-flung outposts in its eastern region that have had difficulty flourishing due to the financial constraints of building power plants so far away from everything else. The Akademik Lomonosov will have two KLT-40 naval propulsion reactors modified to serve as power providers for an external location—with a displacement of 21,500 tons. Lomonosov noted that nuclear powered marine vessels have a proven safety record going back 50 years.
Many nations now routinely deploy nuclear powered ships, submarines and even ice-breakers. He also stressed that the design of the vessel will be such that the platform will be capable of withstanding a tsunami or even a collision with land or a ship. The Akademik Lomonosov will not be able to power itself however, which means it will be towed to wherever it’s needed. The vessel will be operated by a crew of 69 people and will also conform to regulations set by the International Atomic Energy Agency. Lomonosov said that plans are underway to build a fleet of the floating platforms to provide cities and towns across Russia with electricity for general use and more specifically for heating homes and businesses. The Akademik Lomonosov will be capable of generating 70 MW of electricity—enough to power a city of 200,000 people. He noted also that such vessels could also be used to power desalination plants, providing 240,000 cubic meters of fresh water daily. –Physics
July 15, 2013 – ANTARCTICA – A 7.3 magnitude earthquake has struck south of Bristol Island in the South Sandwich Islands. No tsunami alert exists, however. The massive 7.3 magnitude earthquake began today July 15, 2013 far out to sea, far from Argentina and Chile’s coast, officials tell news. It was initially reported as a 6.8 magnitude quake before being upgraded. The large earthquake today began moments ago. It erupted at 12:03 pm local time, officials tell news. It also posted a moderate depth. USGS indicates to news that the quake starting twenty miles below sea level. But the quake was far from land when it began. Officials tell news that the quake was closest only to one island. The quake began one hundred thirty miles southeast of Bristol Island in the South Sandwich Islands. The quake was thereafter a great distance from other nations. The quake was one thousand six hundred miles at least from Ushuaia, Argentina. It was roughly one thousand seven hundred miles from Rio Gallegos in Argentina as well. Reps tell news that the quake was about one thousand seven hundred miles from Punta Arenas, Chile and about one thousand three hundred mils from Stanley in the Falkland Islands. The National Weather Service says that no tsunami danger exists currently for the U.S, Gulf of Mexico, Puerto Rico and Virgin Islands. But officials. Both the Alaska Tsunami Warning Center and the Pacific Tsunami Warning Center confirm that no tsunami threat is in place. –LA Late News
July 15, 2013 – GEOLOGY – Research at the University of Liverpool has found that variations in the length of day over periods of between one and 10 years are caused by processes in the Earth’s core. The Earth rotates once per day, but the length of this day varies. A year, 300 million years ago, lasted about 450 days and a day would last about 21 hours. As a result of the slowing down of the Earth’s rotation the length of day has increased. The rotation of the earth on its axis, however, is affected by a number of other factors – for example, the force of the wind against mountain ranges changes the length of the day by plus or minus a millisecond over a period of a year. Professor Richard Holme, from the School of Environmental Sciences, studied the variations and fluctuations in the length of day over a one to 10 year period between 1962 and 2012. The study took account of the effects on the Earth’s rotation of atmospheric and oceanic processes to produce a model of the variations in the length of day on time scales longer than a year. Professor Holme said: “The model shows well-known variations on decadal time scales, but importantly resolves changes over periods between one and 10 years. Previously these changes were poorly characterized; the study shows they can be explained by just two key signals, a steady 5.9 year oscillation and episodic jumps which occur at the same time as abrupt changes in the Earth’s magnetic field, generated in the Earth’s core.” He added: “This study changes fundamentally our understanding of short-period dynamics of the Earth’s fluid core. It leads us to conclude that the Earth’s lower mantle, which sits above the Earth’s outer core, is a poor conductor of electricity giving us new insight into the chemistry and mineralogy of the Earth’s deep interior.” –Space Daily
July 15, 2013 – RANCHI, INDIA – Six houses in Dhanbad’s Dharmabandh locality collapsed in the wee hours of Sunday while over 20 houses developed cracks. However, no person was injured in the mishap. The incident has rendered more than 100 people homeless and they had to spend the night under trees. The area is situated in the coal belt of Dhanbad and illegal mining is considered to be the reason behind the incident. The mine mafias excavate coal unlawfully resulting in changes in the topography of the area. A source said around 5am people could feel tremors in their sleep. First they thought a quake had hit Dhanbad and rushed out to escape. After sometime, six houses collapsed to the ground, some were razed to the ground while others were partially damaged. The local administration has started relief activities to help the victims Dhanbad SP Anoop T Mathew said no person has suffered injuries in the incident. “I have come to know about the development. Some houses have collapsed but no one suffered injuries,” said Mathew. A victim, Sunita Devi told reporters that the ceiling fan in the asbestos-roofed house started shaking suddenly. The lady said she realized that some quake had hit the area and raised a cry for everyone to vacate the house. Several household items were buried in the incident. A similar situation was faced by other households in the locality. The district administration has launched an investigation into the incident. The Dhanbad-Ranchi main line is situated just 500 meters away from the place of the incident. Dhanbad DC Prashant Kumar said the district administration had started the process of rehabilitating the affected families. “I had sent a team of experts to the affected place. The process of rehabilitating them has also begun,” said Kumar. –Times of India
July 15, 2013 – ECUADOR – At least 200 people have been evacuated after a volcano in Ecuador erupted and spewed ash miles into the air. The “strong explosion” at the Tungurahua volcano could be felt hundreds of miles away, the Geophysics Institute reported. It spewed stones, gases and ash more than 5 km (3.1 miles) into the sky, authorities said. The clouds of ash and gas could be seen as far away as the capital Quito, about 153km (95 miles) north of the volcano. There were no reported deaths, according to local media. Authorities declared an “orange alert,” the second highest warning level after red, following the eruption at 6.47 am local time on Sunday. col
July 13, 2013 – ANTARCTICA – An iceberg in Antarctica recently broke off a glacier and is now floating freely in the ocean. What makes this so incredible is that the size of this icy mass is reportedly bigger than the city of Chicago. According to German scientists, this gigantic iceberg broke off Antarctica’s Pine Island Glacier Monday, with the body of ice floating throughout parts of the Amundsen Sea. The scientists said the iceberg was spotted floating in the area by an earth-observing satellite operated by the German Space Agency. The satellite, referred to as TerraSAR-X, further identified a crack forming in the iceberg, which was originally spotted back in October by NASA. When the space agency did a fly over the Pine Island Glacier to investigate a survey of the crack, they studied the fracture that was 15 miles in length and 164 miles wide. A second fissure formed soon after near the top side of the first crack, which was discovered back in May via satellite images. Yet researchers note that icebergs breaking off of the Pine Island Glacier is nothing new or rare. In fact, back in 2007 and 2008, the glacier saw two large icebergs severe and float away, making this Icelandic mace the fastest-changing on the West Antarctic Sheet. However, researchers caution that rapid ecological changes can come from the Glacier’s rapid flow, as it “acts as a plug, holding back part of the immense West Antarctic Ice Sheet whose melting ice contributes to rising sea levels.” –Science World Report